Artist attributed to Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, Dutch, 1606-1669
Title
  • Christ
Date ca. between 1648 and 1650
Medium Oil on oak panel
Dimensions Unframed: 11 × 9 1/8 in. (27.9 × 23.2 cm)
Framed: 23 × 21 1/16 × 2 3/4 inches (58.4 × 53.5 × 7 cm)
Credit Line Founders Society Purchase
Accession Number 30.370
Department European Painting
On View Dutch Golden Age S380, Level 3 (see map)
Signed Signed, upper left: Rembrandt f
Inscriptions Inscribed, lower left, in white: 24 [remains of a Russian imperial inventory number]
J. van der Marck (Amsterdam, Netherlands).
August 24, 1773, sold by (de Winter, Yver, Amsterdam, Netherlands) auction J. van der Marck, lot 264;
Emperor Paul I (St. Petersburg, Russia);
Imperial Romanov collection (Pavlovsk [Pawlowsk] Palace, outside of St. Petersburg, Russia);
1909, by descent to S.A.I. the Grand Duke Constantin;
June 4-5, 1929 sold by (R. Lepke, Berlin, Germany) auction Leningrad Museums and Palaces, lot 85 [sold for DM 130,000];
April-May, 1930, J. Goudstikker Gallery (Amsterdam, Netherlands);
1930-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Catalogus Van een Uitmuntend en Overheerlyk Kabinet Konstige Schilderyen, Door de voornamste Nederlandische Meesters. Sales cat. Hendrik de Winter and Jan Yver, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, p. 91, no. 264. [as "Een Christus Hoofd"]

Bode, Wilhelm. The Complete Work of Rembrandt, vol. 8. Paris, 1906, p. 144, no. 591 (ill.).

Bode, Wilhelm. L'Oeuvre Complète de Rembrandt, vol. 8. Paris, 1906, p. 148, no. 591 (ill.).

Rosenberg, Adolf. Rembrandt des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart and Berlin, 1906, p. 329 (ill.).

Valentiner, Wilhelm R. Rembrandt des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart and Berlin, 1908, pp. 391, 562, no. S.391 (ill.).

Hofstede de Groot, C. Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century, vol. 6. London, 1916, p. 118, no. 161.

Meldrum, D[aniel] S. Rembrandt's Paintings. London, 1923, p. 202, fig 305 (ill.).

Kunstwerke aus den Beständen Leningrader Museen und Schlösser, vol 2. Sales cat., Rudolph Lepke's Kunst-Auctions-Haus, Berlin, 1929, p. 36, lot. 85 (ill.).

Catalogue des Nouvelles Acquisitions de la Collection Goudstikker. Exh. cat., Galerie Goudstikker. Amsterdam, 1930, unpaginated, cat. 49 (ill.).

Heil, Walter and Clyde H. Burroughs. Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, unpaginated, no. 181 (ill.).

The Thirteenth Loan Exhibition of Old Masters: Paintings by Rembrandt. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, unpaginated, cat. 60 (ill.). [as lent by Mr. I. Goudstikker, Amsterdam]

Valentiner, W. R. "Bust of Christ by Rembrandt." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 12, no. 1 (October 1930): 1–3, pp. 1–3 (ill.).

Valentiner, Wilhelm R. Rembrandt Paintings in America. New York, 1931, unpaginated, no. 99 (ill.).

Bredius, A[braham]. Rembrandt Gemälde. Vienna, 1935, p. 27, no. 621 (ill.).

Bredius, A[braham], ed. The Paintings of Rembrandt. London, 1936, p. 37, no. 621 (ill.).

Robinson, Francis W. "Detroit Looks Back on Twenty Years." Art News 38, no. 3 (May 4, 1940): 18–28, p. 21.

Richardson, E.P., ed. The Detroit Institute of Arts, Catalogue of Paintings. Detroit, 1944, p. 108, no. 181.

Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1949, p. 125 (ill.).

Rotermund, H.-M. "Wandlungen des Christus-Typus bei Rembrandt." Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 18 (1956): 197–237, p. 207, fig. 167 (ill.).

An Inaugural Exhibition Six Great Painters: El Greco, Rembrandt, Goya, Cézanne, Van Gogh and Picasso. Exh. cat., Milwaukee Art Institute. Milwaukee, 1957, p. 21, cat. 19.

Masterpieces of Art in Memory of William R. Valentiner. Exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art. Raleigh, 1959, pp. 130–131, cat. 72 (ill.).

Grigaut, Paul L. ed. Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1963, p. 142 (ill.).

Paintings in the Detroit Institute of Arts: A Check List of the Paintings Acquired Before June, 1965. Detroit, 1965, p. 90.

Slive, Seymour. "An Unpublished Head of Christ by Rembrandt." Art Bulletin 47, no. 4 (December 1965): 407–417, pp. 408, 410–411, 412, no. 2, fig. 2 (ill.).

Bauch, Kurt. Rembrandt Gemälde. Berlin, 1966, p. 11, fig. 195 (ill.). [as possible study for "Pilgrims at Emmaus" in the Louvre]

The Hyde Collection’s "Christ with the Folded Arms" by Rembrandt. Exh. cat., The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, 1966, unpaginated, cat. 10. [as "Christ with the Folded Arms"]

Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1966, p. 141 (ill.).

Kettlewell, J. Rembrandt's "Christ" in Thirteen Paintings and One Etching. Exh. cat., The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, 1968, pp. 11; 14; 33, no. 10 (ill.).

Arpino, Giovanni and Paolo Lecaldano. L'Opera pittorica complete di Rembrandt. Milan, 1969, p. 114, no. 290 (ill.).

Bredius, Abraham. Rembrandt, ed. H. Gerson, 3rd ed. London, 1969, pp. 524, 614, no. 621 (ill.).

Gerson, H. Rembrandt Paintings. Amsterdam, 1969, pp. 346–348, no. 257 (ill.).

Schwartz, Gary. Rembrandt, zijn leven, zijn schilderijen. Maarssen, 1984, p. 284, fig. 317 (ill.).

Schwartz, Gary. Rembrandt, his life, his paintings. New York, 1984, p. 284, fig. 317 (ill.).

Tümpel, Christian. Rembrandt: Mythos und Methode. Antwerp and Amsterdam, 1986, pp. 345, 422, cat. A17 (ill.). [as by circle of Rembrandt]

Tümpel, Christian and Astrid Tümpel. Rembrandt: All Paintings in Colour, 2nd ed. Antwerp and New York, 1993, pp. 345, 424, cat. A17 (ill.). [as by Rembrandt circle]

Liedtke, Walter. Rembrandt Not Rembrandt: Aspects of Connoisseurship, vol. 2. Exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1995, pp. 122–123, cat. 35. [as by follower of Rembrandt]

Keyes, George S. et al. Masters of Dutch Painting: The Detroit Institute of Arts. London, 2004, pp. 176–179, no. 72 (ill.).

Keyes, George S., et al. Rembrandt In America: Collecting and Connoisseurship. New York, 2011, pp. 75, 79, fig. 40 (ill.).

Wetering, Ernst van de. Rembrandt's Paintings Revisited: A Complete Survey. Dordrecht, 2015, pp. 605–609, fig. 3 (ill.).