Artist Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, 1577-1640
Title
  • Hygeia, Goddess of Health
  • Hygieia (alternate title)
Date ca. 1615
Medium Oil on oak panel
Dimensions Unframed: 41 13/16 × 29 1/4 inches (106.2 × 74.3 cm)
Framed: 55 3/8 × 43 3/4 × 4 3/8 inches (140.6 × 111.1 × 11.1 cm)
Credit Line Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Reichhold
Accession Number 44.266
Department European Painting
On View European: Rubens, Level 2 (see map)
1653, Jeremias Wildens (Antwerp, Belgium);
Count Charles de Proli (Antwerp, Belgium);
July 23, 1785, sold by (Grange, Antwerp, Belgium) auction Ch. de Proli, lot 1 [as Cleopatra] [for 580 florins];
1785, purchased by Beechmans;
August 1-2, 1810, sold by (van der Schley . . . de Vries, Amsterdam, Netherlands) auction Pieter de Smeth van Alphen, lot 84 [as Hebe] [for 800 florins];
1810, purchased by De Vries;
H. Francken (Lokeren, Belgium);
May 15, 1838, sold in (Antwerp, Belgium) auction H. Francken of Lokeren, lot 2 [as Cleopatra] [for 1,500 francs];
1838, (De Vis, agent for Charles J. Nieuwenhuys);
Charles J. Nieuwenhuys (Brussels, Belgium);
May 10, 1833 or 1840, sold by (Christie's, London, England) or in (Paris, France) auction C.J. Nieuwenhuys;
Joseph Allard (Brussels, Belgium);
Senator Prosper Crabbe (Brussels, Belgium);
June 12, 1890, sold by (Galerie Sedelmeyer, Paris, France) auction Crabbe, lot 47 [for 145,000 francs];
1890, purchased by Sedelmeyer;
Comtesse d'Herbemont (Paris, France);
June 9, 1936, sold by (Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France) auction Mme la baronne d'H..., lot 28 [for 44,000 francs];
(Martin B. Ascher, London, England);
by March 1937, (Schaeffer Galleries, Inc., New York, New York, USA);
Mr. & Mrs. Henry Reichhold (Birmingham, Michigan, USA);
1944-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Smith J. Catalogue Raisonné of the most Eminent, Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. London, vol. 2, 1830, pp. 219-220, no. 779.

Rooses, M. L'Oeuvres de Rubens. Antwerp, 1890, vol. III, p. 110, no. 630.

"Oeuvres de Rubens: Addenda." Bulletin-Rubens 5 (1897): p. 90.

"Les Ventes." Revue de l'Art 70 (1936): p. 48.

McCall, George Henry. Catalogue of European Painting and Sculpture from 1300–1800. Exh. cat., New York World's Fair. New York, 1939, pp. 159, no. 325.

Valentiner, William R. and Alfred M. Frankfurther. Masterpieces of Art: Exhibition at the New York World's Fair 1939, Official Souvenir Guide and Picture Book. Exh. cat., New York World's Fair. New York, 1939, unpaginated, no. 325 (ill.).

Richardson, E.P. "Hygeia, The Goddess of Health." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 25, no. 1 (1946): pp. 9-11.

Valentiner, W.R. "Rubens' Paintings in America." Art Quarterly 9, no. 2 (1946): p. 159, no. 46.

Goris, J.-A. and J.S. Held. Rubens in America. New York 1947, p. 37, no. 73.

Nicolas Poussin/Peter Paul Rubens. Exh. cat., Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati, 1848, cat. 31.

Lewison, F. "Rubens' Nudes Still Shock the Unwary." Design 52, no. 7 (1951): p. 21.

Larsen, E. P.P. Rubens. Antwerp, 1952, p. 216, no. 29.

Nude in Painting. Sales cat., Wildenstein and Company, Inc. New York, 1956, cat. 11.

Twenty-Fifth Anniversary 1936-1961. Sales cat., Schaeffer Galleries. New York, 1961, cat. 16 (ill.). (unpaginated).

Puyvelde, L. van. Rubens. Brussels, 1964, p. 132 (fig. 26), p. 211, p. 249, no. 109.

Bulletin of the DIA 43, nos. 3/4 (1964): p. 53, p. 55 (ill.).

Homage to Rubens. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1978, no. 2.

Sip, J. "Obrazy Petra Paula Rubense V Prazske Narodini Galerii." Umeni 26 (1978): p. 197.

Held, J.S. Flemish and German Paintings of the 17th Century, The Collections of The Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1982, pp. 82-84, pl. VII.

Donahue, M.P. Nursing the Finest Art. St. Louis, Toronto, and Princeton, 1985, p. 69 (ill.).

Jaffé, M. Rubens: catalogo completo. Milan, 1989, p. 198, no. 264 (ill.). [as. ca. 1614.]