This vessel, with handles reminiscent of columns, was designed as a container in which to mix wine and water for serving at social gatherings. On the most important side of the krater, Helios, the sun god, wearing a rayed sun disk on his head, is shown standing in his chariot drawn by two winged horses. He represents the sun in its daily journey across the sky; the ocean waves and a leaping dolphin lie below.
Artist attributed to Leningrad Painter, Greek
  • Mixing Vessel
  • Krater (alternate title)
Date 5th century BCE
Medium clay
Dimensions Overall: 15 5/8 × 15 3/8 × 13 inches (39.7 × 39.1 × 33 cm)
Overall (diam. of foot): 6 9/16 inches (16.6 cm)
Credit Line City of Detroit Purchase
Accession Number 24.120
Department Greco-Roman and Ancient European
On View Ancient Greek and Roman S2BB, Level 2 (see map)
collection of the Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Gotha, Germany);
collection of Herzog Albert Ernest Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Gotha, Germany);
deposited to Schloss Friedenstein [Gotha Museum, no. H. A. 57] (Gotha, Germany);
1924-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Valentiner, W. R. "Greek Vases," Bulletin of the DIA 6, no. 2 (November 1924): pp. 10-13, repr.

Richter, G.M.A. "Greek Art in Detroit," Art in America, vol. 15 (1926-27): pp. 25-35, (fig. 10).

Beazley, J. D. Greek Vases in Poland. Oxford, 1928, p. 40, no. 2.

Beazley, J. D. Attic Red-figure Vase Painters. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1942, p. 375; 1963, p. 569.

Schauenburg, K. Helios. Berln, 1955, p. 70, no. 320, (fig. 17).

Dörig, J. and Gigon, O. Der Kampf der Götter und Titanen. Olten, 1961, p. 85, no. 33.

Schauenberg, K. "Gestirnbilder in Athen und Unteritalien," AntK, vol. 5, pp. 51-64, p. 53, no. 30.

Lacroix, L. Etudes d'archéologie numismatique. Paris, 1974, p. 94, pl. 25.1.

Greek Vase Painting in Midwestern Collections. Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, December 22, 1979-February 24, 1980, pp. 168-169, cat. 96 [exh. organized by W. G. Moon and L. Berge].

Gall, H. von. "Bemerkungen zum Kyrosgrab im Pasagadae und zu verwandten Denkmälern," MittIran, vol. 12, pp. 271-279, pl. 43.1-2.

Driscoll, Ann. "The Pig Painter: Parties, Poets and Pollaiuolo," Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, vol. 80, no. 3 (March 1993): p. 96, (fig. 13) (reverse), p. 108, no. 48. [Gives Leningrad Painter attribution of the Detroit krater, but discusses its former attribution to the Pig Painter].

Henshaw, Julia, ed. A Visitor's Guide: The Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1995, p. 113 (ill.).

Madigan, B. Corinthian and Attic Vases in the Detroit Institute of Arts. In Monumenta Graeca et Romana, vol. 12. Leiden/Boston, 2008, pp. 48-49, cat. 63, (fig. 90-91).