Artist John Henry Twachtman, American, 1853-1902
  • The Pool
Date 1890s
Medium oil on canvas
Dimensions Unframed: 26 × 31 inches (66 × 78.7 cm)
Framed: 33 9/16 × 38 5/8 × 3 1/8 inches (85.2 × 98.1 × 7.9 cm)
Credit Line Gift of Charles L. Freer
Accession Number 08.7
Department American Art before 1950
On View Modern N2BB, Level 2 (see map)
Signed Signed, lower right corner: J H Twachtman
John Henry Twachtman;
1908, Charles Lang Freer;
1908-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Fourth Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists. Exh. cat., City Art Museum. St. Louis, 1909, no. 170.

Burroughs, Clyde. “Two Notable Gifts.” Bulletin of the DMA 3, 1 (January 1909): pp. 1-3 (ill.).

Burroughs, Clyde. “J.H. Twachtman.” Bulletin of the DMA 7, 3 (July 1913): pp. 52-53 (ill.).

Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of the Detroit Institute of Arts, Vol. 1. Detroit, 1930, no. 399 (ill.).

The More Important Paintings and Sculptures of the Detroit Institute of Arts of the City of Detroit. Detroit, 1937, p. 202 (ill.).

Hale, John Douglass. The Life and Creative Development of John H. Twachtman. Ph. D. diss., Ohio State University. Columbus, 1957, p.564, no. 473. [as Pool]

John Henry Twachtman: A Retrospective Exhibition. Exh. cat., Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati, 1966, no. 68.

American Impressionist Painting. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1973, no. 63 (ill.).

Heritage and Horizon: American Paintings 1776-1976. Exh. cat., Albright-Knox Gallery. Buffalo, NY, 1976, no. 33 (ill.).

Boyle, Richard J. John Twachtman. New York, 1979, pp. 54-55, no. 17 (ill.).

Brunk, Thomas W. “A Note on Charles Lang Freer.” Bulletin of the DIA 59, 1 (1981): pp. 17-21 (ill.).

Color and Light: American Impressionist Paintings and Prints from Michigan Collections. Exh. cat., Grand Rapids Art Museum. Grand Rapids, 1984, no. 14, 16, 17 (ill.).

Peters, Lisa N. John Twachtman (1853-1902) and the American Scene in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Frontier within the Terrain of the Familiar. Ph. D. diss., City University of New York. New York, 1995, pp. 359, 497.

American Paintings in the Detroit Institute of Arts, Vol. 2. New York, 1997, p. 9.

American Beauty: Painting and Sculpture from the Detroit Institute of Arts, 1770-1920. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 2002, p. 99, no. 72.