Artist workshop of Rogier van der Weyden, Netherlandish, ca. 1399-1464
  • Saint Jerome in the Desert
Date between 1450 and 1465
Medium Oil on oak panel
Dimensions Unframed: 12 1/8 × 9 15/16 inches (30.8 × 25.2 cm)
Framed: 15 7/8 × 13 3/8 × 2 inches (40.3 × 34 × 5.1 cm)
Credit Line Founders Society Purchase with funds from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb
Accession Number 46.359
Department European Painting
On View European: Medieval and Renaissance W240, Level 2 (see map)
José de Madrazo [d. 1859] (Madrid, Spain);
June 3-6, 1867, sold by (Charles Pillet) auction Galerie of Marques de Salamanca on the premises of the Hotel Salamanca, lot 163;
private collection (Paris, France);
1936-1945, (Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., New York, New York, USA);
1945, private collection (New York, New York, USA);
1946, (Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., New York, New York, USA);
1946-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA) with gift of funds from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb
Friedländer, Max J. Altniederländische Malerei, vol. 14. Leiden, 1937, p. 89.

Wilde, H.R. "Fifteenth Century Flemish Paintings." Bulletin of the Milwaukee Art Institute 15, no. 1 (September 1938): p. 2.

"Milwaukee: An Intimate Exhibition of Flemish Painting." Art News 36, no. 40 (September 1938): p. 17 (ill.).

The Worcester-Philadelphia Exhibition of Flemish Painting. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum and Philadelphia Museum of Art. Worcester and Philadelphia, 1939, p. 21, cat. 9.

Golden Gate International Exposition. Exh. cat. San Francisco, 1940, cat. 135 (ill.).

Frankfurter, A.M. "Master Paintings and Drawings of Six Centuries at the Golden Gate." Art News 38, no. 38 (July 1940): p. 9 (ill.).

Masterpieces of Art from European and American Collections, European Paintings from the Two World's Fairs of 1939. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1941, p. 25, cat. 69 (ill.).

Richardson, Edgar Preston. "St. Jerome in the Desert by Rogier van der Weyden." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 26 no. 3 (1947): pp. 54-56 (cover ill.).

Ring, G. "St. Jerome extracting the Thorn from the Lion's Foot." Art Bulletin 27 (1945): pp. 188-194 (fig. 1).

Richardson, Edgar Preston. "Rogier van Der Weyden, St. Jerome in the Desert." Favorite Paintings from the Detroit Institute of Arts. New York, 1948, pp. 11–14, no. 1, frontispiece (ill.).

Beenken, H. Rogier van Der Weyden. Munich, 1951, p. 99. [as a workshop piece; the saint may possibly be by Rogier, but not the landscape or the lion.]

Panofsky, E. Early Netherlandish Painting. Cambridge, 1953, vol. 1, pp. 249, 458, footnote 3. [doubts attribution to van der Weyden.]

Detroit Institute of Arts Catalogue of the Whitcomb Gifts. Detroit, 1954, p. 65.

Held, J.S. "Review Erwin Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting, Its Origin and Character." Art Bulletin 37 (1955): pp. 205-234 [as attributed to Rogier van der Weyden.]

Le Siècle des Primitifs Flamands. Exh. cat., Groeningemuseum. Bruges, 1960, pp. 64-65, cat. 15 (ill.).

Flanders in the Fifteenth Century. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1960, pp. 82-84, cat. 9 (ill.).

Winkler, F. "Ausstellung Altniederländischer Bilder aus Amerika in Brügge." Kunstchronik 13, no. 11 (November 1960): pp. 312-316 (fig. 2). [as original but a fragment.]

Friedländer, M.J. Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. 2. Leiden and Brussels, 1967, p. 89, suppl. 133, pl. 138.

Myers, B.S., ed. Encyclopedia of Painting. New York, 1970, p. 503 (ill.).

Davies, M. Rogier van der Weyden. London, 1972, pp. 210-211, 74.

Marandel, J.P. "A Valentiner Legacy: the Broad Stream of European Painting." Apollo 124, no. 298 (1986): p. 490.

Wiebel, C. "Gerard David: Die Busse des heiligen Hieronymous." Kleine Werkmonographie 41, Städelsches Kunstinstitut. Städel, undated [ca. 1986], (fig. 2). [as attributed to Rogier.]

Klein, P. "Dendrochronologische Untersuchungen an Bildtafeln des 15. Jahrhunderts." in Le dessin sous-jacent dans la peinture. Colloque VI, 12-14 septembre 1985. Infrarouge et autres techniques d'examen, ed. by H. Verougstraete-Marcq and R. Van Schoute. Louvain-la-Neuve, 1987, p. 37.

Klein, P. "Dendrochronological Studies on Oak Panels of Rogier van der Weyden and his Circle." in Le dessin sous-jacent dans la peinture. Colloque VII, 17-19 septembre 1987. Géographie et chronologie du dessin sous-jacent, ed. by R. Van Schoute and H. Verougstraete-Marcq. Louvain-la-Neuve, 1989, p. 32.

Hans Memling. Exh. cat., Groeningemuseum. Bruges, 1994, pp. 184-185, cat. 59 (ill.). [with attribution to studio of Rogier.]

Sander, J. Niederländische Gemälde im Städel 1400-150. Mainz, 1995, p. 230 (fig. 143). [cited under inv. no. 1091, St. Jerome by G. David.]

Martens, D. "Images de saint Jérôme pénitent aux XVème et XVIème siècles. La part du texte et la part du peintre." in Georges-Bloch-Jahrbuch des Kunstgeschichtlichen Seminars der Universität Zürich. Zürich, 1996, p. 159.

Stroo, C. and P. Syfer-d'Olne. The Flemish Primitives, vol. 1: The Master of Flémalle and Rogier van der Weyden Group, from the series: Catalogue of Early Netherlandish Painting in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium. Brussels, 1996, pp. 140, 147 (fig. 97).

De Voss, D. Rogier van der Weyden, the Complete Works. Antwerp, 1999, no. C6, p. 405, ill. [as misattributed to Rogier, although Rogierian composition.]

Kemperdick, S. Rogier van der Weyden, 1399/1400-1464. Cologne, 1999, p. 118.

Dubois, A., and R. Slachmuylders. "5. Albrecht Bouts: Penitence of Saint Jerome." in The Flemish Primitives, vol. 3, Catalogue of Early Netherlandish Painting in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium. Brussels, 2001, p. 161-162 (fig. 80).

Patinir: Estudios y catálogo crítico. Exh., Museo del Prado. Madrid, 2007, p. 303, footnote 18. [under cat. 20; Paisaje con San Jerónimo by Joachim Patinir.]

The Master of Flémalle and Rogier van der Weyden. Exh. cat., Städel Museum and Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen. Frankfurt and Berlin, 2008, cat. no. 47, pp. 165, 383-384, (ill.) p. 385. [as "Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden (?)", after 1442 - possibly as late as 1490s; entry by Jochen Sander.]

You, Yao-Fen. "Paul Coremans, Edgar Richardson and the 1960 Flemish Art show: A Transatlantic Friendship Forged by a Transatlantic Exhibition." In A Man of Vision, Scientia Artis 15. Brussels, 2019, pp. 172, note 2.