Artist Bacchiacca (Francesco Ubertini Verdi), Italian, 1494 - 1557
  • Saint John the Baptist in the Wilderness
Date early to mid-16th century
Medium Oil on canvas, transferred from panel
Dimensions Unframed: 41 × 30 inches (104.1 × 76.2 cm)
Credit Line Gift of A. W. M. Mensing
Accession Number 34.191
Department European Painting
Not On View
Inscriptions Inscribed, on Baptist's banderole: VOS CHLAMANTIS IN DESERTO PARAT VIA DOMINI
Inscribed, reverse of transfer canvas, brown ink: schule Raphael's | .2.
1787, aquired in (Naples, Italy) by Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein [1751-1829] (Kassel, Germany);
1808, acquired by Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig von Oldenburg [1755-1829] (Oldenburg, Germany);
until 1924, by descent to Grand Dukes of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany);
June 25, 1924, auctioned by (Fr. Muller, Amsterdam, Netherlands), lot 103;
collection of A. W. M. Mensing (Amsterdam, Netherlands);
1934-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Bode, W. von. Die grossherzogliche Gemälde-Galerie in Oldenburg. Vienna, 1888, p. 20 [as school of Raphael].

Gronau, G. Correggio. Berlin & Leipzig, 1907, p. 151, (repr. only) [in Oldenburg, Grossherzogl. Picture Gallery].

Venturi, A. Storia dell'arte italiana, vol. 9, no. 2 (1926): p. 525n [in Dukes of Oldenburg palace].

Venturi, A. Correggio. Milan, 1926, p. 126 [see also 1930 ed., p. 35].

Ricci, C. Correggio. London & New York, 1930, p. 38, 154; pl. 31[in Oldenburg, Formerly in the Grand Ducal Gallery; questioned as by Correggio, ca. 1514-15 (?)].

Valentiner, W. R. "St. John in the Wilderness by Correggio," Bulletin of the DIA 14, no. 6 (March 1935): pp. 70-73, (repr. on cover, det.).

Venturi, A. Correggio. Milan, 1936, p. 35.

Richardson, E.P., ed. DIA Catalogue of Paintings, 2nd ed. Detroit, 1944, p. 31, no. 489 [as Correggio].

Fredericksen and Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. 1972, p. 56 [as a follower of Correggio ?].

Weiss, H. F. "Zu Heinrich von Kleists Reise nach Paris im Jahre 1801," Archiv, vol. 142 (1990): pp. 1-12, esp. pp. 7-10.

Dohe, Sebastian. “‘ein wahres Original’—Tischbein, ‘Raffael’ und die Großherzogliche Gemäldegalerie in Oldenburg,” Oldenburger Jahrbuch 115 (2015): 193-208 (ill.).