Poussin's dramatic use of light and vaporous hues creates the poetic and subtle nuances appropriate to this romantic, idealized scene. In Greek mythology, the moon goddess Selene was the lover of the mortal shepherd Endymion; their meetings could only take place at night. Poussin has chosen to represent the poignant moment when the two must part as the sun god Apollo brings in the new day, driving his chariot across the sky. The winged figure of Night draws back the curtain of darkness that protected the couple.
The artist worked most of his life in Rome, where his work was appreciated by an enlightened group of distinguished and refined intellectuals. In the seventeenth century this painting was owned by the French Cardinal Mazarin, who consolidated the power of France during the early years of Louis XIV's reign.
Artist Nicolas Poussin, French, 1594-1665
Title
  • Selene and Endymion
Date ca. 1630
Medium oil on canvas
Dimensions Unframed: 48 × 66 1/2 inches (121.9 × 168.9 cm)
Framed: 59 × 77 1/4 × 3 1/2 inches (149.9 × 196.2 × 8.9 cm)
Credit Line Founders Society Purchase, General Membership Fund
Accession Number 36.11
Department European Painting
On View European: Poussin, Level 2 (see map)
by 1653 (possibly by 1632) until 1661, Collection Cardinal Mazarin [1602-1661] (Paris, France).
by 1743, “brought from abroad” by dealer (John van Spangen, London, England);
March 4, 1743, sold by (Ford, London, England) auction van Spangen lot 179 [£49.17];
1743-1746, Spencer, possibly the Hon. John Spencer [1708–1746] (England).
by 1747, re-acquired by dealer (John van Spangen, London, England);
February 10, 1748, sold by (Cock and Langford, Covent Garden, London, England) auction John Van Spangen...deceased, lot 76 [£38.17];
1748, John(?) Blackwood [1696–1777] (London, England).
until ca. 1922 - unknown English collection;
1922, (dealer, Galerie Paul Cassirer, Berlin, Germany);
1922-1931, Julius Heinrich Haass [1869-1931] (Detroit, Michigan, USA);
by inheritance, Constance Haass McMath [1909-1978] (Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan, USA);
1936-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Graham, Maria. Memoirs of the Life of Nicolas Poussin. London, 1820, p. 223, no. 72. [see also French edition, 1821, p. 180 no. 72.]

Jules Mazarin and Henri D’Orleans duc d’Aumale. Inventaire de Tous les Meubles du Cardinal Mazarin: dressé en 1653, et publié d’après l’original, conserve dans les archives de Condé. London, 1861, p. 324, no. 269.

Cosnac, Gabriel-Jules de. Les Richesses du Palais Mazarin. Paris, 1884, p. 318, no. 1099.

Jouanny, CH. ed. Correspondance de Nicolas Poussin, Vol. 5, Archives de l’art français. Paris, 1911, pp. 39, note 2, 518.

Friedlaender, Walter. Nicolas Poussin: Die Entwicklung Seiner Kunst. Munich, 1914, p. 128. [citing inventory of the Cardinal Mazarin of 1661]

The Third Loan Exhibition of Old Masters: Italian, French, Dutch, German, French, Spanish and English Fifteenth to Nineteenth Century. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1926, unpaginated, no. 46. [as "Dawn"]

Réau, Louis. L'Art Français aux États-Unis. Paris, 1926, p. 164. [as in Julius Haass collection]

The Fifth Loan Exhibition of Old and Modern Masters. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1927, p. 44, no. 87. [as "Dawn"]

Grautoff, Otto. "Nouveaux tableaux de Nicolas Poussin." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 7 (March 1932): 323–340, pp. 328 (ill.), 331.

Friedlaender, Walter. "Poussin." In Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler 27, ed. Hans Vollmer et al. Leipzig, 1933, p. 325.

St. John, Sarah and Margaret Furlong, eds. Art Index. 1939, p. 1117.

Valentiner, William. "Selene and Endymion by Poussin." Bulletin of the DIA 15, no. 7 (April 1936): 96–99, pp. 96–99 (ill.).

"Un nouveau Poussin à l'Institute of Arts: Séléné et Endymion." La Revue de l'Art 69, no. 371 (June 1936): 316–317, pp. 316–317 (ill.).

"Accessions: Our Museum Collections Continue to Expand." American Magazine of Art 29, no. 8 (August 1936): 534–539, p. 537 (ill.).

Ford, Edsel B., et al. "Annual Report of the Arts Commission for the Year 1936." Bulletin of the DIA 16, no. 5 (February 1937): 66–84, pp. 70, 76.

Loan Exhibition of Paintings by Georges de la Tour, Antoine Le Nain, Louis Le Nain, Mathieu Le Nain. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1937, no. 28. [See "Supplementary List" included in 1937 edition only]

Hourticq, Louis. La Jeunesse de Poussin. Paris, 1937, pp. 117–122, pl. 5 (ill.).

Scheyer, Ernst. Baroque Painting. Detroit, 1937, pp. 35–38 (ill.).

Bossenbrook, William John and Rolf Johannesen. Foundations of Western Civilization. Boston, 1939, p. 626–627 (ill.).

Frankfurter, Alfred M. "383 Masterpieces of Art: The World's Fair Exhibition of Paintings of Four Centuries Loaned from American Public and Private Collections." Art News 38, no. 34 (1940): 16–43, 62–66, pp. 21 (ill.), 30.

Friedlaender, Walter. "America's First Poussin Show." The Art News 38, no. 23 (March 1940): 7–14, 24, p. 9 (ill.), 24. [as "Endymion"]

Lee, Rensselaer W. "Ut Pictura Poesis: The Humanistic Theory of Painting." Art Bulletin 22, no. 4 (December 1940): 197–269, pp. 197 (ill.), 244–245.

McCausland, Elizabeth. "Exhibitions in New York." Parnassus 12, no. 4 (April 1940): 34–46, p. 34–35 (ill.).

Pach, Walter. Catalogue of European & American Paintings 1500–1900. Exh. cat., New York World’s Fair. New York, 1940, pp. 35, 44, 46, no. 59 (ill.).

Siple, Ella. “Art in America.” The Burlington Magazine 76, no. 446 (May 1940): 167–168, p. 168.

Friedlaender, Walter F. "Iconographical Studies of Poussin's Works in American Public Collections II: The Metropolitan Museum of Art's King Midas Washing His Hands in the River Pactolus and the Detroit Institute of Arts' Endymion Kneeling before Luna." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 23 (January 1943): 21–30, pp. 26–30 (ill.).

Richardson, Edgar, ed. The Detroit Institute of Arts: Catalogue of Paintings, 2nd ed. Detroit, 1944, p. 104, no. 684 (ill.).

Valentiner, Wilhelm. “An Early Work by Claude Lorrain.” Bulletin of the DIA 21, no. 7 (April 1942): 58–61, p. 60.

Hatzfeld, Helmut A. "Literary Criticism through Art and Art Criticism through Literature." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6, no. 1 (September 1947): 1–21, p. 11.

Bertin-Mourot, Thérèse. "Notes et documents." Bulletin de la Société Poussin 1 (June 1947): 72–79, pp. 77–78 (ill.).

Bertin-Mourot, Thérèse. "Addenda au catalogue de Grauthoff depuis 1914." Bulletin de la Société Poussin 2 (December 1948): 43–87, p. 51, no. 27 (ill.).

Friedlaender, Walter. “Connaissance de Poussin by Paul Jamot.” Art Bulletin 32, no. 1 (March 1950): 83–86, p. 84. [as "Endymion"]

Sterling, Charles. French Painting, 1100–1900. Exh. cat., Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, 1951, pl. 57 (ill.).

Washburn, Gordon Bailey. "Eight Centuries of French Painting." Carnegie Magazine 25, no. 9 (1951): 294–298, p. 297 (ill.).

Inaugural Exhibition. Exh. cat., Fort Worth Art Center. Fort Worth, 1954, unpaginated, no. 79.

Licht, Fred Stephen. Die Entwicklung der Landschaft in den Werken von Nicolas Poussin. Basel, 1954, pp. 109–110.

Venetian Tradition. Exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland, 1956, p. 12, 28 no. 32, pl. 18 (ill.).

Frankfurter, Alfred. "Venice; or, The Fluent Brush." Art News 55, no. 8 (December 1956): 33–35, p. 34 (ill.).

Marcellino, Ralph. "Classical Myths in Painting." The Classical World 51, no. 2 (November 1957): 41–47, p. 44.

Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665. Exh. cat., Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Minneapolis, 1958, pp. 7, 10, 18 fig.
12 (ill.), 26.

Vaughan, Malcolm. "Poussin in America." The Connoisseur 143, no. 576 (April 1959): 123–127, pp. 124–125, no. 6 (ill.).

Bardon, Henri. "Poussin et la littérature Latine." In Nicolas Poussin, vol. 1, ed. André Chastel. Paris, 1960, pp. 126–127, note 19; 130, note 37.

Blunt, Anthony. "La première période romaine de Poussin." In Nicolas Poussin, vol. 1, ed. André Chastel. Paris, 1960, p. 172, n. 54.

Blunt, Anthony. Nicolas Poussin. Exh. cat., Musée du Louvre. Paris, 1960, p. 63, no. 26 (ill.).

Du Colombier, Pierre. "The Poussin Exhibition." Burlington Magazine 102, no. 688 (July 1960): 282–288, pp. 284, 286, fig. 8 (ill.).

Friedlaender, Walter. "Poussin in Reappraisal." Arts 34, no. 10 (September 1960): 27–31, p. 30.

"L'Année Poussin." French News 10 (1960): pp. 25, 28 (ill.).

Mahon, Denis. "Poussin's Early Development: an Alternative Hypothesis." The Burlington Magazine 102, no. 688 (July 1960): 288–301, 303–304, 306, 327, pp. 299–300.

Mahon, Denis. "Mazarin and Poussin." The Burlington Magazine 102, no. 689 (August 1960): 352–354, pp. 352–354.

"Poussin au Louvre." La Revue des Arts 10, no. 2 (1960): 51–56, p. 52 (ill.).

Wild, Doris. "Poussin-Studien zum Ersten Jahrzehnt in Rom." Pantheon 18, no. 3 (May 1960): 157–159, p. 157.

Thuillier, Jacques. “The Three Faces of Nicolas Poussin.” Art News 59, no. 4 (Summer 1960): 32–35, p. 33.

Béguin, Sylvie. The Poussin Exhibition at the Louvre Museum, Summer, 1960, Vol. 1, trans. O. Salway. Exh cat. Musée du Louvre. Paris, 1961, pp. 54–55, fig. 12 (ill.).

Kauffmann, Georg. “Die Poussin-Literatur 1940-1960.” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 24 no. 2 (1961): 188–196, p. 195.

Colombier, Pierre Du. "L'homme qui a introduit en France le virus de la collection." Connaissance des Arts, no. 109 (March 1961): 90–96, pp. 94, 96, fig. 16 (ill.).

Arcangeli, Francesco et al. L'ideale classico del Seicento in Italia e la pittura di Paesaggio. Exh. cat., Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio. Bologna, 1962, pp. 173–174, no. 59 (ill.).

Jaffé, Michael. "The Lunettes and After: Bologna 1962." Burlington Magazine 104, no. 715 (October 1962): 410–419, pp. 411, 416 (ill.), 418.

Mahon, Denis. "Poussiniana: Afterthoughts Arising from the Exhibition." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 60, nos. 112–1123 (July–August 1962): 1–138, pp. 55, 57, 78, n. 233.

Haskell, Francis. Patrons and Painters: A Study in the Relations Between Italian Art and Society in the Age of the Baroque. New Haven, 1963, pp. 180–181.

Fleischman, Lawrence A., et al. "Major Loans from the Institute’s Collection." Bulletin of the DIA 42, no. 3 (1963): p. 48.

Cummings, Frederick J. Art in Italy, 1600–1700. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1965, pp. 34–35, no. 14 (ill.).

Pepper, Stephen. "The Risorgimento and the Baroque: Detroit, The Flowering of the Baroque in and Out of Rome." Arts Magazine 39, no. 9 (May–June 1965): 39–43, pp. 39–40 (ill.).

Dempsey, Charles. “Poussin’s Marine Venus at Philadelphia: A Re-Identification Accepted.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 28 (1965): 338–343, p. 340.

Hibbard, Howard and Milton Lewine. “Seicento at Detroit.” The Burlington Magazine 107, no. 748 (July 1965): 368, 370–373, p. 370.

“The Masters.” The Burlington Magazine 108, no. 757 (April 1966): 167–168, p. 167.

Friedlaender, Walter F. Nicolas Poussin: A New Approach. New York, 1966, pp. 19, 26, 47, 55, 120–121, pl. 14 (ill.). [see 1965 edition, pp. 14–15, 20, 23, 42, 50, 116–117 (ill.).]

Blunt, Anthony. The Paintings of Nicolas Poussin: A Critical Catalogue. London, 1966, pp. 107–108, no. 149, pl. 149 (ill.).

Roli, Renato. Nicolas Poussin. Milan, 1966, pp. 6–7, pl. 5 (ill.).

Charensol, Georges. “Les Collections Américaines a Bordeaux.” Revue des Deux Mondes (15 June 1966): 609–615, p. 610.

Blunt, Anthony. "Nicolas Poussin." The A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts, 1958, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C., 2 vols. New York, 1967, pp. 122, 124, pls. 63, 66b, (ill.).

Colton, Judith. "The Endymion Myth and Poussin's Detroit Painting." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 30 (1967): 426–431, pp. 426–431, fig. a (ill.).

Holst, Niels Von. Creators, Collectors and Connoisseurs: The Anatomy of Artistic Taste from Antiquity to the Present Day. New York, 1967, p. 159.

Jack, Ian. Keats and the Mirror of Art. Oxford, 1967, pp. 147, 187.

Lee, Rensselaer W. Ut Pictura Poesis: The Humanistic Theory of Painting. New York, 1967, front cover (ill.), pp. 50–51, fig. 7 (ill.).

Wild, Doris. "Charles Mellin ou Nicolas Poussin." Gazette des Beaux Arts 69, no. 1176 (January 1967): 3–44, pp. 7–8, fig. 50 (ill.).

Gods and Heroes: Baroque Images of Antiquity. Exh. cat., Wildenstein. New York, 1968, p. 17 (ill.), no. 29.

Scott, Jane Ayer. "Gods and Heroes: Baroque Images of Antiquity." Archeology 21, no. 4 (October 1968): 305–306, no. 29 (ill.).

Deknatel, Frederick, Julia Phelps, and Patricia Elsen. “College Museum Notes: Other Exhibitions.” Art Journal 28, no. 1 (Autumn 1968): 86–87, p. 86.

Lee, Rensselaer W. "Review: Nicolas Poussin, a New Approach by Walter Friedlaender." Art Bulletin 51, no. 3 (September 1969): 298–303, p. 300.

Badt, Kurt. Die Kunst des Nicolas Poussin. Cologne, 1969, vol. 1: pp. 152, 515–516, 524, 634, no. 161; vol 2: p. 7, 11, pl. 81 (ill.).

Goldberg, Milton Allan. The Poetics of Romanticism: Toward a Reading of John Keats. Yellow Springs, 1969, pp. 22, 26, 58, (ill.).

Cummings, Frederick J. "A Poussin for Roccatagliata." Bulletin of the DIA 49, no. 3/4 (1970): 63–69, p. 63.

Kauffmann, Hans. Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini: Die figürlichen Kompositionen. Berlin, 1970, p. 215, pl. 117 (ill.).

Cummings, Frederick J. and Charles H. Elam, eds. The Detroit Institute of Arts Illustrated Handbook. Detroit, 1971, p. 102 (ill.).

Dowley, Francis H. "The Iconography of Poussin's Painting Representing Diana and Endymion." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 36 (1973): pp. 305–318, fig. a (ill.).

Simon, Erika. "Poussins Gemälde ‘Bacchus und Midas’ in München." Jahrbuch der Hamburger Kunstsammlungen 18 (1973): 109–118, pp. 110–113, fig. 2 (ill.); p. 118.

Hibbard, Howard. Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. London, 1974, p. 30 (ill.).

Thuillier Jacques. L'Opera Completa di Poussin. Milan, 1974, p. 90, no. 42 (ill.).

Sterling, Charles. "Un Nouveau Tableau de Poussin." Pantheon 33, no. 3 (July–September 1975): 216–226, pp. 217–218, p. 223–225 (ill.).

Выставка картин из музеев Соединенныx Штатoв Америки. Exh. cat., Hermitage. Leningrad, 1976, no. 10, pl. 13 (ill.).

Daulte, François. Chefs-d'Oeuvre des Musées des États-Unis: de Giorgione à Picasso. Exh. cat., Musée Marmottan. Paris, 1976, unpaginated, no. 13 (ill.).

Charensol, Georges. “Les Beaux-Arts.” La Nouvelle Revue des Deux Mondes (December 1976): 680–688, pp. 685–686.

Takashina, Shuji. Poussin. Tokyo, 1977, p. 91, pl. 7 (ill.).

Martin, John R. Baroque. London, 1977, pp. 217, 325 no. 179 (ill.).

Thuillier, Jacques. "Le paysage dans la peinture française du XVII siècle: de l'imitation de la nature à la rhétorique des ‘belles idées’." Cahiers de l'Association inernationale des Etudes françaises, vol. 29 (May 1977): pp. 45–64 (ill.).

Rosenberg, Pierre. Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665. Exh. cat., Villa Medici. Rome, 1977–1978, p. 161, no. 20 (ill.).

Blunt, Anthony. "Review: Poussin at Rome and Düsseldorf." Burlington Magazine 120, n. 903 (June 1978): 421–425, p. 421.

Rosenberg, Pierre. Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665. Exh cat., Städtische Kunsthalle. Düsseldorf, 1978, no. 18 (ill.).

Rubin, James Henry. "Endymion's Dream as a Myth of Romantic Inspiration." Art Quarterly 1, no. 2 (1978): 47–84, pp. 58, 63, fig. 19 (ill.).

Schleier, Erich. "Die Poussin-Ausstellung in Rom und Düsseldorf." Kunstchronik 31 (July 1978): 274–287, p. 285.

Simon, Robert B. "Poussin, Marino, and the Interpretation of Mythology." Art Bulletin 60 (1978): 56–68, p. 66, n. 64.

Yashiro, Seiichi. Girisha shinwa, gurafikku ban (Greek Mythology, illustrated edition). Tokyo, 1978, pp. 14–15 (ill.).

Goldman, Jean. “Aspects of Seicento Patronage: Cassiano Del Pozzo and the Amateur Tradition.” Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1978, p. 246.

Morse, John D. Old Master Paintings in North America. New York, 1979, pp. 205–206, 210 (ill.).

Selected Works from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1979, pp. 70, 102, no.73 (ill).

Curcio, Armando, ed. I Classici della Pittura: Poussin. Rome, 1979, cover (ill.).

Verdi, Richard. "Review: Nicolas Poussin. I: Leben, Werk, Exkurse. II: Katalog der Werke by Doris Wild." Burlington Magazine 124, no. 949 (April 1982): 247–249, p. 249.

Wild, Doris. Nicolas Poussin. Vol. 2. Zurich, 1980, p. 295, n. R57 (ill.).

Rosenberg, Pierre and John Pope-Hennessy. France in the Golden Age: Seventeenth-Century French Paintings in American Collections. Exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1982, pp. 31–32, 88, 305–306, no. 87 (ill.).

Rosenberg, Pierre. "Review: Edinburgh, Poussin Considered." Burlington Magazine 124, no. 951 (June 1982): 376–380, p. 379.

Verdi, Richard. “Reviewed Work: Nicolas Poussin. I: Leben, Werk, Exkurse. II: Katalog der Werke by Doris Wild.” The Burlington Magazine 124, no. 949 (April 1982): 247–249, p. 249.

Tsuji, Kunio. Poussin: les grand Maitres de la Peinture, no. 14. Tokyo, 1984, no. 20 (ill.).

Henshaw, Julia, ed. 100 Masterworks from the Detroit Institute of Arts. New York, 1985, pp. 104–105 (ill.).

Wright, Christopher. Poussin: Paintings, a Catalogue Raisonné. London, 1985, pp. 35–36, 160–161, no. 51 (ill.), pp. 265, 274, 277–278.

Copplestone, Trewin and Bernard Samuel Myers, ed. The History of Art: Architecture, Painting, Sculpture. New York, 1985, p. 674, no. 41 (ill.)

Marandel, J. Patrice. "A Valentiner Legacy: The Broad Stream of European Painting." Apollo 124, no. 298 (December 1986): 486–497, pp. 490, 508 (ill.).

Liechtenstein: The Princely Collections. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1985, p. 265. [not in exhibition, cited under cat. 167]

Schneider, Mechthild. "Pygmalion—Mythos des schöpferischen Kunstlers." Pantheon 45 (1987): 111-123, p. 114, fig. 6 (ill.).

Wollheim, Richard. Painting as an Art. Princeton, 1987, p. 193, fig. 160 (ill.).

Bravo, Carlo Del. "Letture de Poussin e Claude." Artibus et Historiae 9, no. 18 (1988): 151–170, p. 166, n.65.

Oberhuber, Konrad. Nicolas Poussin, The Early Years in Rome: The Origins of French Classicism. Exh. cat., Kimbell Art Museum. Fort Worth, 1988, pp. 191, 193–194, 278, no. 62 (ill.).

Lévêque, Jean J. La vie et l'oeuvre de Nicolas Poussin. Paris, 1988, p. 95 (ill.).

Thuillier, Jacques. Nicolas Poussin. Paris, 1988, p. 124.

“Front Matter.” The Burlington Magazine 130, no. 1025 (August 1988): i¬–xiv, p. vii (ill.). [citation is an add for Kimbell Art Museum Poussin show. See also vol. 130, no. 1026 (September 1988): p. xxv]

Zolotov, Yuri. Nicolas Poussin. Leningrad, 1988, p. 94, fig. 213 (ill.).

Carrier, David. "Poussin in Fort Worth: Connoisseurship as Eccentricity." Arts Magazine 63, no. 7 (March 1989): 63–67, p. 63.

Dempsey, Charles. "Mavors armipotens: The Poetics of Self-Representation in Poussin's 'Mars and Venus.'" In Der Künstler über sich in seinem Werk: Internationales Symposium der Bibliotheca Hertziana Rom 1989. Weinheim, 1989, pp. 435–436, 454 (ill.).

Masterpieces from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., Bunkamura Museum of Art. Tokyo, 1989–1990, pp. 58, 158–159, 206–207, no. 26 (ill.).

Wagner, Monique. From Gaul to De Gaulle: An Outline of French Civilization. New York, 1989, p. 125; pl. 25 (ill.).

Marandel, J Patrice and Creighton Gilbert. “The Young Poussin: Letter to the Editor.” The New Criterion 7 (February 1989): 79, p. 79.

Mérot, Alain. Nicolas Poussin. New York, 1990, pp. 14, 45 (ill.), 48, 60, 277, no. 137 (ill.).

Verdi, Richard. Nicolas Poussin: Tancred and Erminia. Exe. cat. Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery and Barber Institute of Fine Arts. Birmingham, 1992, p. 207. [not in exhibition]

Rosenberg, Pierre and Louis-Antoine Prat. Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665. Exh. Cat., Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. Paris, 1994, pp. 191–192, no. 37 (ill.).

Thuillier, Jacques. Nicolas Poussin. Paris, 1994, p. 44; p. 48 (ill.); p. 249, no. 66 (ill.); p. 279.

Zolotov, Yuri and Natalia Serebriannaïa. Nicolas Poussin: the Master of Colours, Russian Museums Collections Paintings and Drawings. St. Petersburg, 1994, p. 24 (ill.).

“Exhibitions: Nicolas Poussin.” FMR: The Magazine of Franco Maria Ricci, no. 70 (October 1994): 7, pp. 7–9 (ill.).

Stéphane Guégan, Olivier Bonfait and Dominique Brême. L’ABCdaire de Poussin. Paris, 1994, pp. 52-53.
Prosperi Valenti Rodinò, Simonetta. “A Double-Sided Sheet by Poussin.” Master Drawings 32, no. 2 (Summer 1994): 158–162, p. 161.

Beresford, Richard. A Dance to the Music of Time by Nicolas Poussin. London, 1995, pp. 33–34, fig. 28 (ill.), p. 39.

Blunt, Anthony. Nicolas Poussin. London, 1995, pp. 124, 469, pl. 63 (ill.), p. 473, pl. 66b (ill.), p. 659.

Henshaw, Julia, ed. A Visitor's Guide: The Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1995, p. 202 (ill.).

Richard Verdi. Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665. Exh. cat., Grand Palais and Royal Academy of Arts. Paris and London, 1995, pp. 178–179, no. 19 (ill.).

Held, Jutta. "Poussins Mythosrezeption Zur Struktur seiner Ovidschen Motive." Niederdeutsche Beiträge zur Kunstgeschichte 35 (1996): 69–98, pp. 87–88 (ill.).

Barragán, Elisa García. "Juan Cordero: el Primer Muralista y su Siglo." Saber 41 (July-August 1998): pp. 12–72 (ill.).F

Bulfinch, Thomas. The Illustrated Age of Fable: Myths of Greece and Rome. London, 1998, p. 142–143, 203 (ill.).

Bajou, Thierry. “Deux tableaux de Nicolas Poussin pour un: ‘Vénus et Adonis dans un paysage avec un dieu fleuve et des cines qui se désaltèrent’ ou les vicissitudes d’un tableau.” Artibus et Historiae 20, no. 39 (1999): 113-125, p. 115.

Chastel, André. L'Art francais. Ancien Régime 1620-1775. Paris, 2000, p. 78. [see also English edition, French Art: Ancien Régime 1620–1775, 1996, p. 143]

Wissman, Fronia E. European Vistas: Cultural Landscapes. Detroit, 2000, pp. 28–29 (ill.).

Bernstock, Judith. Poussin and French Dynastic Ideology. New York, 2000, pp. 11, pl. 2 (ill.), 35–36, 69, n. 5, 78, 80–84, 103, 129, 169–173, 189, 411, 415.

Wine, Humphrey. The Seventeenth Century Paintings. London, 2001, pp. xxi, 300, fig. 3 (ill.), 304.

Lingo, Estelle. “The Greek Manner and a Christian ‘Cannon’: François Duquesnoy’s Saint Susanna.” The Art Bulletin 84, no. 1 (March 2002): 65–93, p. 82.

Penta, Miriam Di. “Guercino’s ‘Endymion,’ ‘Hercules’ and ‘Artemisia’ for Alessandro Argoli.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 67 (2004): 233–254, p. 236.

Bull, Malcolm. The Mirror of the Gods. Oxford, 2005, p. 290, fig. XIVa (ill.)

Unglaub, Jonathan. Poussin and the Poetics of Painting: Pictorial Narrative and the Legacy of Tasso. Cambridge, 2006, pp. 143, 238, note 45.

Wright, Christopher. Poussin: Paintings, a Catalogue Raisonné. London, 2007, pp. 51 (ill.), 54, 58, 84, pl. 51 (ill.), pp. 275, 287, 288, 296, 298, 300.

Brookes, Anne. “Richard Symond’s Account of his Visit to Rome in 1649–1651.” The Volume of the Walpole Society 69 (2007): 1–183, p. 146, note 636.

Rosenberg, Pierre, and Keith Christiansen. Poussin and Nature: Arcadian Visions. Exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2008, pp. 62, 398, 401.

Thomas, Troy. “Poussin’s Philadelphia Marine Painting: New Evidence for the Neptune and Amphotrite Theory.” Aurora the Journal of the History of Art 10 (2009): 40-76, p. 76.

Smith, Ayana O. “On Tupos: Iconography and Verisimilitude in Early Arcadia.” Music in Art 34, no. ½ (Spring–Fall 2009): 7-20, p. 17.

Pierguidi, Stefano. "Fetone Chiede ad Apollo il Carro del Sole e Armida Trasporta Rinaldo di Nicolas Poussin e I Loro Possibili (non Identificati) Pendants." Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 53 (2011): 67–71, pp. 67–69, fig.2 (ill.).

Thimann, Michael. “Zeit und Ewigkeit bei Nicolas Poussin. Zur ‘Bitte des Phaeton um den Sonnen wagen Apolls,’ in der Berliner Gemäldegalerie.” Jarbuch der Berliner Museen 55, Bd. (2013): 43-56, p. 44.

Caviglia, Susanna. “The Crisis of Narration in Eighteenth-Century French History Painting.” In Painting and Narrative in France, from Poussin to Gauguin, eds. Peter Cooke and Nina Lübbren. New York, 2016, pp. 52, 54.

Smith, Ayana O. Dreaming with Open Eyes: Opera, Aesthetics, and Perception in Arcadian Rome. Oakland, 2018, pp. 112-114, 257.