Artist attributed to Domenico di Francesco, Italian, 1417-1491
  • The Trinity
Date between 1450 and 1475
Medium gold leaf and tempera on wood panel
Dimensions Overall: 65 3/4 × 34 × 3 1/4 inches (167 × 86.4 × 8.3 cm)
Credit Line City of Detroit Purchase
Accession Number 25.145
Department European Painting
Not On View
until 1925, (A. Contini-Bonacossi, Rome, Italy);
1925-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Valentiner, W.R. "Early Florentine Painting," Bulletin of the DIA 7, no. 2 (November 1925): pp. 18-21, esp. pp. 19-20, (repr.).

Van Marle, R. The Development of the Italian Schools of Paintings, vol. IX. The Hague, 1927, p. 302 and note 1 [perhaps Massaccio, but not Masolino].

Van Marle, R. The Development of the Italian Schools of Paintings, vol. X. The Hague, 1928, pp. 254-56, (fig. 160) [as Massaccio?].

Giglioli, O.H. "Massaccio, Saggio di bibliografia ragionata," Bollettino dell'Istituto do Archaeologia e Storia dell'Arte, vol. 3, fasc. 4-6 (1929): p. 63.

Venturi, L. "Contributi: a Masolino," L'Arte, vol. 1, no. 2 (March 1930): pp. 165-179, esp. p. 179, (fig. 5) [cited, as Masolino].

Heil, W. Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of The Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, cat. 136, (repr.) [as Masolino].

Valentiner, W.R. "Supplementary remarks on already published works of art in the possession of the Museum," Bulletin of the DIA 13, no. 3 (December 1931): pp. 33-36, esp. pp. 33-34, (repr.).

Valentiner, W.R. "Eine Verkundigung Masolinos," Pantheon, vol. 8, no. 10 (October 1931): pp. 413-416, esp. p. 413, note 4 (cited); English summary, same vol., pp. 74-75.

Lindberg, H. To the Problem of Masolino and Massaccio, vol. 1. Stockholm, 1931, p. 189 [no direct connection to Massaccio].

Venturi, Lionello. Pitture italiane in America. Milan, 1931, unpaginated, no. 158 (ill.) [as by Masolino].

Berenson, B. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 194 [as unknown Florentine, ca. 1420-65].

Venturi, L. Italian Paintings in America, vol. 2., trans. Countess Vanden Heuvel and Charles Marriott. New York, 1933, pl. 190 [as Masolino].

Salmi, M. Masaccio. Paris, 1934, pp. 85, 139; pl. 190 [as Masolino?].

Toesca, P. Encyclopedia italiana, vol. 22. Rome, p. 501.

Pittaluga, M. Massaccio. Florence, 1935, p. 180.

Berenson, B. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 167 [as unknown Florentine, between Masolino and Pesellino].

Longhi, R. "Fatti di Masolino e di Massaccio," Critica d'arte, vol. 4/5, pt. 2 (July-December 1940): pp. 145-191, esp. p. 166. Reprint in Opere complete,vol. 8, Florence, 1975, p. 29.

Valentiner, W. R. Italian Gothic Painting. DIA. Detroit, 1944, p. 36, (fig. 14).

Richardson, E.P., ed. Catalogue of Paintings, 2nd ed. Detroit, 1944, p. 84, no. 136 [as Masolino].

Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture. Detroit, 1949, p. 42, (repr. only) [as Masolino].

Micheletti, E. Masolino da Panicale. Milan, 1959, p. 56 [cited, as Masolino].

Berenson, B. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Florentine School, vol. 1. London, 1963, p. 217.

Paintings in the DIA: a checklist of the paintings acquired before June 1965. Detroit, 1965.

Fredericksen, B. and F. Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, 1972, p. 66 [as Holy Trinity by Domenico di Michelino].

Frinta, M.J. "The Quest for a Restorer's Shop of Beguiling Invention: Restorations and Forgeries in Italian Panel Painting," Art Bulletin, vol. 60:1 (March 1978): pp. 1-23, esp. p. 12; (figs. 11, 44) (detail) [as of modern origin; opinion latter retracted in a letter as of the period].