Artist Correggio, Italian, ca. 1489-1534
Title
  • The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine
Date between 1510 and 1514
Medium Paint on wood panel
Dimensions Unframed: 53 5/8 × 48 1/2 inches (136.2 × 123.2 cm)
Framed: 66 × 61 1/8 × 3 3/4 inches (167.6 × 155.3 × 9.5 cm)
Credit Line Gift of Mrs. Anna Scripps Whitcomb in memory of her father James E. Scripps
Accession Number 26.94
Department European Painting
On View European: Medieval and Renaissance W233, Level 2 (see map)
by 1627, Gonzaga Family, Dukes of Mantua (Mantua, Italy);
1627-March 29, 1650, King Charles I of England (London, England) [as by Luini];
Remigius van Leemput [1607-1675] (London, England);
1783-1826 [or 1794-1820], possibly as a gift from Pope Pius VI to Wenzel Anton, Prince von Kaunitz [1711-1794] (Vienna, Austria);
March 13, 1820, sold by (Artraria, Vienna, Austria) lot 132;
1856, Leyrer (Vienna, Austria) lot 47;
until 1920, by inheritance to Andreas Ritter von Reisinger (Vienna, Austria);
ca. 1920, (Bachstitz, Vienna, Austria);
1920-1925, Camillo Castiglioni [1897-1957] (Vienna, Austria);
November 17, 1925, (sold by Fr. Muller, Amsterdam, Netherlands) auction Castiglioni, lot 16;
1925, purchased by (J. Duveen, New York, New York, USA);
purchased by Anna Scripps Whitcomb [1866-1953] as a gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts;
1926-present, Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Freddy, Gianluigi De. Descrizione della città, sobborghi e vicinanze di Vienna 2. Vienna, 1800, p. 76.

Freddy, Gianluigi De. Descrizione della città, sobborghi e vicinanze di Vienna 2, 2nd ed. Vienna, 1814, p. 78.

Rumohr, C.F. von. Reise durch die östlichen Bundesstaaten in die Lombardey.... Lubeck, 1838, pp. 50-51.

Perger, A.R. von. Die K.K. Gemälde Gallerie des Belvedere in Wien. Vienna, 1861, pp. 467-470.

Venturi, Adolfo. Tesori inediti d'arte in Roma. Rome, 1896, p. 4.

Frimmel, Theodor von. “Aus dem Wiener Gemäldesammlungen.” Kunst und Kunsthandwerk 1 (1898): 327-334, pp. 331-333 (ill.).

Frimmel, Theodor von. Geschichte der Wiener Gemäldesammlungen 1, part 3. Leipzig, 1899, pp. 89-90, 102.

"Ein neuer Correggio." Illustrierte Zeitung (April 26 1900): pp. 596-597.

Ricci, C. "Spigolature sul Correggio. Dipinti." Rassegna d'arte 1, no. 8 (August 1901): pp. 123-125, p. 123-124 (ill.).

Schmidt, Wilhelm. "Giorgione und Correggio. II. Correggio." Helbings Monatsberichte für Kunst und Kunstwissenschaft 3, no. 1 (1903): pp. 47-49 (fig. 4) detail.

Gronau, G. Correggio, des Meisters Gemälde. Klassiker der Kunst. Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1907, pls. 4-5, p. 158.

Wyzewa, T. de. "A propos d'un libre nouveau sur Corrège." Revue des Deux Mondes 4 (1907): pp. 457-468.

Suida, Wilhelm. "Notes on the early development of Correggio." Burlington Magazine 14 (February 1909): pp. 302-304.

Luzio, Alessandro. La Galleria dei Gonzaga venduta all'Inghilterra nel 1627-28. Rome, 1913, p. 96, no. 105.

Frimmel, Theodor. von. Lexikon der Wiener Gemäldesammlungen. Munich, 1913, vol. 1, pp. 7, 15; vol. 2, 1914, pp. 333, 348.

Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell'arte italiana. Milan, 1914, vol. 7, part 3, pp. 1162-1166 (figs. 887-888).

Hagen, Oscar. "Die Madonna mit dem heiligen Franziskus und die sogenannten Jugendwerke des Antonio da Correggio." Ph.D. diss., Vereinigten Friedrichs Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 1914, pp. 92-99.

Hagen, Oscar. "Correggio Apokryphen: eine kritische Studie über die sogenannten Jungendwerke des Correggio." Berlin, 1915, pp. 92-99.

Liphart, E. de. "Antonio Allegri detto il Correggio e Leonardo da Vinci." Sbornik 1 (1921): p. 36.

Copertini, G. Note sul Correggio. Parma, 1925, p. 59.

Valentiner, Wilhelm R. "Gift of four important paintings: Correggio, Van Dyck, Poussin, and Zurbaran." Bulletin of the DIA 8, no. 1 (October 1926) pp. 2-8, pp. 2-5.

Venturi, Adolfo. Il Correggio. Rome, 1926, pp. 24-25, 47, 550, pl. 6.

Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell'arte italiana 9, part 2. Milan, 1926, pp. 479-481, fig. 387 (ill.).

“Memorial to Scripps.” New York Times, July 3, 1926.

Siple, Ella. “The Detroit Institute of Arts.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 50, no. 288 (March 1927): 164-165, p. 165.

Bercken, Erich von der. Malerei der Renaissance in Italien: Die Malerei der Früh und Hochrenaissance in Oberitalien. Potsdam, 1927, p. 253.

Woermann, K. "Über unsichere jugendwerke bekannter meister. grundsätzlicher und sachliches." Zeitschrift für bildenden Kunst 61 (1927/1928): pp. 1-7, p. 6 (ill.). [as by Correggio?]

Suida, Wilhelm. Leonardo und sein Kreis. Munich, 1929, p. 249, note 1.
Ricci, Corrado. Correggio. Rome, 1930, pp. 28-29, 151, pl. XV note.

Heil, Walter. Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, cat. 39 (ill.). [as ca. 1514.]

Venturi, Adolfo. Correggio. Milan, 1930, pp. 17-18 (fig. 1).

Venturi, Lionello. Pitture italiane in America. Milan, 1931, no. 349 (ill.).

Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 153.

Venturi, Lionello. Italian Paintings in America 3. New York, 1933, pl. 467.

Valentiner, Wilhelm R. “’St. John in the Wilderness’ by Correggio.” Bulletin of the DIA 14, no. 6 (March 1935): pp. 71-72.

Venturi, Adolfo. Correggio. Milan, 1936?, pp. 17, 18, 56, pl. 1.
Berenson, Bernhard. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 132.

Venturi, Lionello. “La Gloria del Correggio.” Manifestazione Parmensi nel IV Centenario della Morte del Correggio. Parma, 1936, pp. 79-81.

Kay, Arthur. A Treasure Trove in Art. London, 1939, pp. 78-81.

Bodmer, H. “Il Correggio e gli Emiliani.” Novara (1943), p. ix (fig. 2).

Richardson, Edgar Preston ed. Detroit Institute of Arts Catalogue of Paintings, 2nd ed. Detroit, 1944, p. 30, no. 39 [as early, ca. 1514.]

Kimball, Fiske and Lionello Venturi. Great Paintings in America. New York, 1948, pp. 88-89, no. 37.

Ricfhardson, Edgar Preston ed. Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1949, p. 59, (ill.).

Leonardo da Vinci Quicentenary Exhibition, 1452-1952. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 1952, p. 27.

Bianconi, Piero. Tutta la pittura del Correggio. Milan, 1953, p. 34, pl. 5.

Richardson, Edgar Preston ed. Catalogue of the Paintings and Sculpture given by Edgar B. Whitcomb and Anna Scripps Whitcomb to the DIA, 1954, p. 91 (ill.).

Longhi, R. Il Correggio e la camera di San Paolo a Parma. Genoa, 1956, p. 26.

Popham, Arthur Ewar. Correggio's Drawings. London, 1957, pp. 19-22 (fig. 7).

Longhi, R. “Le fasi del Correggio giovine e l'esigenza del suo viaggio romano." Paragone (Arte) 101 (May 1958): pp. 34-53, pp. 35-36.

Battaglia, S. de Vito. Dizionario biografico degli italiani 2. Rome, 1960, p. 480.

Bottari, S. Encyclopedia of World Art 3. Milan, 1960, col. 821.

Bianconi, Pietro. Tutta la pittura del Correggio, 2nd ed. Milan, 1960, p. 34, pl. 5.

Doort, A. van der. Catalogue of the Collections of Charles I. In Walpole Society 37. Glasgow, 1960, p. 21.

Bottari, Stefano. Correggio. Milano, 1961, pp. 10; pp. 93, 95.

Arb, Renée Marie. “The Young Correggio, and analysis of the artistic formation of Antonio Allegri.” Ph.D. diss., Radcliffe College, Cambridge, MA, 1962.

Laskin, Myron, Jr. “Early Work of Correggio.” Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1964, pp. vii, ix, 88-89, 129-130, 157, 191, (fig. 7).

Paintings in the Detroit Institute of Arts: A Checklist of the Paintings Acquired Before June 1965. Detroit, 1965, p. 29. [as ca. 1514.]

Copertini, G. "Il Correggio, III: La vita e le opere." Parma per l'Arte 15, no. 3 (September - December 1965): pp. 153-154.

Copertini, G. Parma per l'Arte 16, no. 1 (January - April 1966): pp. 36-37, cat. 13.

Richardson, Edgar Preston ed. Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts, 3rd ed. Detroit, 1966, p. 86, (ill.).

Laskin, Myron. “Shorter Notices: A new Correggio for Chicago”. Burlington Magazine 108 (April 1966): 190-93, p. 190.

Berenson, Bernard. Italian pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works with an Index of Places. Central Italian and North Italian Schools. London, 1968, vol. 1, p. 92; vol. 3, pl. 1790.

Quintavalle, Arturo Carlo. “Correggio: le scelte critiche.” Arte come communicazione visiva. Parma, 1969, pp. 189-90.

Quintavalle, Arturo Carlo. L'opera completa del Correggio. Milan, 1970, p. 89, cat. 10.

Cummings, Frederick and C. Elam. Detroit Institute of Arts Illustrated Handbook. Detroit, 1971, p. 91 (ill.).

Brown, David Alan. “Correggio's Virgin and Child with the Infant St. John the Baptist.” Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 7 (1972): 6-33, p. 26 note 1 (cited).

Fredericksen, Burton and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-19th Century Italian Paintings in North American Collections. Cambridge, MA, 1972, p. 56.

Gould, Cecil. “Correggio’s Altarpieces.” Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 120, no. 5189 (April 1972): 308-326, p. 309.

Millar, Oliver. The Inventories and Valuations of the King's Goods, 1649-1651. Walpole Society, 43 (1970-1972) 1-458, p. 298, no. 11, Letter F no 2 a. [as by Godentio Melaneso.]

Brown, David Alan. “The Young Correggio and his Leonardesque Sources.” Ph.D. diss., Yale University, New Haven, 1973, pp. 35-38 (fig. 3). [see also 1981 publication]

Toscano, Giuseppe M. Nuovi studi sul Correggio. Parma, 1974, pp. 189, 193.

Gould, Cecil. The Paintings of Correggio. Ithaca, 1976, pp. 24-25, 32-33, 199-200, pls. 1-4. [as ca. 1510-1511.]

Cummings, Frederick. ed. Selected Works from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1979, p. 137, cat. 110 (ill.).

Sterne, Margaret. The Passionate Eye: The Life of William R. Valentiner. Detroit, 1980, p. 221.

Brown, David Alan. “Correggio's Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine and Its Sources.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 60, nos. 3/4 (1982): pp. 101-107, fig. 1 (ill.).

Ercoli, Giuliano. Arte e fortuna del Correggio. Modena, 1982, pp. 15-16 (ill.).

Brown, David Alan. “Correggio's Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine and Its Sources.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 60, nos. 3/4 (1982): pp. 101-107, fig. 1 (ill.).

Gould, Cecil. “A Major New Attribution to the Young Correggio.” Artibus et Historiae 9, no. 18 (1988): 9-16, p. 13.

Piva, Paolo. Correggio giovane, e l'affresco ritrovato di San Benedetto in Polirone. Torino, 1988, pp. 155, 161, color pl. VI (detail fig. 81).
Longhi, Roberto. Il Correggio e la camera di San Paolo a Parma. Francesco Barocelli, ed. Milan, 1988, pp. 84, 100, 227.

Ekserdjian, David. Correggio. New Haven, 1997, pp. 32-38, 44, passim; (fig. 32) (color pl.).

Christiansen, Keith. “The Ca' Dolfin Tiepolos.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 55, no. 4 (Spring, 1998): pp. 5-60, p. 22.

Ostrow, Steven. Dosso’s Fate: Painting and Court Culture in Renaissance Italy. Los Angeles, 1998, p. 18-19, 35-36.

Scavizzi, Giuseppe. “New Drawings by Luca Giordano.” Master Drawings 37, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 103-137, p. 133.

Secrest, Meryle. Duveen: a life in art. New York, 2004, p. 423.

Periti, Giancarla. “Art and Reform: Correggio’s ‘Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine with St. Sebastian.’” The Sixteenth Century Journal 38, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 683-703, pp. 691-692, fig 2 (ill.).